Image Source: under30experiences.com
In 2015, Costa Rica for the first time ran on renewable energy for more than 300 days. In 2016, the country until September, had completed 150 days of complete renewable energy consumption.
Most of the electricity in Costa Rica is produced through hydropower and geothermal technology. The country is yet to get rid of about 2 million cars that run on gas.
Costa Rica has taken up the aim to modernize their energy production and consumption process to sustain the current environment and to improve renewable energy performance.
Electricity in Costa Rica is generated through turbines in dams. This process accounts for 78% electricity supply.
Costa Rica’s renewable energy plans got tremendous push when in 2014, the government approved $1 billion for geothermal project. Geothermal project uses heat from the earth to generate power for electric generators.
Iceland is another country that has shown ambition for 100% renewable energy consumption. Ice too has a geothermal and hydropower technology. Through the similar process, Iceland generates almost 100% of its electricity which is renewable.
There’s another interesting side to Iceland. The country not only uses geothermal heat for powering generators, but also uses pipes to transfer the geothermal heat using water. This they send to about 87% of their homes.
Since the 1940’s the country has been betting big on geothermal resources for generating electricity. This they have done efficiently by establishing a research and implementation agency that oversees the development in the field.
This has roughly saved about 8 billion dollars of Iceland for not using oil. It has also reduced the country’s carbon emissions by more than 33% in 30 years.
Albania and Paraguay
Albania and Paraguay have too converted themselves as renewable energy producers.
Albania, home to eight rivers has successfully fulfilled the country’s requirements in energy. But rising demands have pushed the country to import means of increasing energy production.
Paraguay on the other hand produces nearly 100 percent of its energy through hydropower.
What made them successful?
Most importantly, all of these countries have low population. A low population demands lower energy consumption. Apart from that the country is rich in research and development and has been a first world country or a developed country for a long time. The population is educated and all of this has made it possible for a better energy generation and consumption pattern.
Apart from that, these countries are located in resource rich areas. They have easy access to water and earth heat. Thus their access to natural resources has played a major role in their success.