Application of Hydrogen Peroxide in Medince – Its Use in Surgery

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a miraculous substance in itself. It has widespread use in medical research and surgeries. In the last few years, various research studies have indicated that the efficacy of Hydrogen Peroxide works well in patients. More than 6000 articles have already been written on this subject – Hydrogen Peroxide’s clinical application in humans. In fact, earlier scientific evidence has shown that it was in use as early as 1920.

Peroxide Hydrogen

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Various bacterial diseases responded highly successfully to Hydrogen Peroxide when all other medicines were deemed ineffective. In fact, H2O2 is the single most powerful substance that can cure nagging diseases like cholera, typhoid fever, whooping cough, ulcers, asthma and tuberculosis amongst the other health woes. But the invention of newer and newer drugs and medicines has somewhat reduced the use of Hydrogen Peroxide as compared to past.

Use of Hydrogen Peroxide in Medical Surgery and Operation

Hydrogen Peroxide is extremely powerful towards thrashing the growth of cancer cells in patients suffering from the disease. Use of H2O2 in cancer patients proved to be extremely useful as the substance prevents any further growth of cancerous cells inside the ailing patient. The chemical properties of H2O2 also prevent the growth of Candida infection inside blood cells.

It stimulates our natural immune system by destroying dangerous bacteria, fungi and viruses that invaded our body surreptitiously. Surgeons use a little bit of H2O2 in any major intestinal operations. Ideally, the substance should be 35% Food Grade Hydrogen Peroxide diluted with 3% of water before it can be used for medical and surgical use.

Surgeons apply Hydrogen Peroxide in patients in two ways: either orally or intravenously. Once it mixes up with the running stream of blood in human body, it steps up oxygen supply inside tissues instantly. Doctors mostly use H202 during an intravenous therapy in which hydrogen peroxide is infused into human’s circulatory system through an arm’s vein.

How Does Hydrogen Peroxide React Inside Human Body?

Hydrogen Peroxide is odorless and colorless liquid constituting two atoms of Oxygen and Hydrogen respectively making the substance highly effective for human cells.

Many people are oblivious of the fact that Hydrogen Peroxide could be more capable of curing cold flu, sinus and other bacterial illness than antibiotics. Latter refers to a group of chemicals (drugs) that kill the bacteria inside human body but while doing so they also kill many good biotics leading to various side effects in humans. On the contrary, H2O2 is totally safe to intake within a limit and under doctor’s supervision without any side effects.

 

surgery peroxide hydrogen

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Our white blood cells produce substance called “peroxisomes,” which is actually a natural hydrogen peroxide being produced inside our body 24X7. So, H2O2 is fully safe and its single droplet infused with peroxisomes inside blood cells is enough to destroy harmful bacteria. In a nutshell, Hydrogen Peroxide is a wonder drug that is antifungal, disinfected, antiseptic, antibiotic and oxygen stimulant too.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20098381

https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-76035/hydrogen-peroxide/details

A Computer that Beats Super-Computers

What American theoretical physicist Richard Feynman in 1982 conceived about Quantum Computer is about to meet its culmination soon. Quantum computer is set to transcend everyone and everything with its astonishing high speed in the near future.

Literally, it is the only computer that has the capability to beat super computers. IT giant IBM has already started working on it and made it worked on IBM Cloud so that any user can take advantage of the same using desktop or smartphones.

Computers quantum

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This computer can be literally called Qubit computer. Quantum computers are completely different from the rest. They have different software too called QISKIT (Quantum Software Development Kit) for its operation. IBM sources has pointed out that such is the capacity of IBM’s 5-Qubit computer that it can even simulate substances like Hydrogen or other gas.

Giant Leap in Quantum Computing

A Quantum computer allows two qubits to compute four states (00, 01, 10 or 11) at the same time because of its highly developed software. Anyone working on such computers can definitely feel the difference. Around two million different live experiments have already been conducted until now by the IBM R&D team. Quantum computer is set to redefine the entire process of SEO, AI, Machine Learning and NLP (Natural Language Processing) amongst other things.

Other IT majors like Samsung, JP Morgan Chase and Co. and Daimler AG have also joined hands with IBM for further research on Quantum Computing. Scientists are of the view that Quantum Computer will not only work faster than supercomputers of previous generation but it will also help human brains to learn the art of solving bigger mathematical problems at one go. Amidst all speculations, it is necessary to reveal that Quantum Computer won’t replace normal computers in the days ahead.

Latest Research Activities On Quantum Computers

  • China is building an exclusive research center for quantum applications. Also, The National Laboratory for Quantum Information Sciences is being developed to be opened in the next couple of years.
  • Chinese quantum satellite successfully processed communication from space to ground over a distance of 1200 km or more.
  • Princeton University Scientists have developed a rice-grain-sized laser passing through artificial atoms also called quantum dots. So, quantum computer is relevant to semiconductor materials too.
  • Intel is also proactively developing quantum chips to make sure that future quantum computers work efficaciously through these chips. It has incorporated its spin qubits on its 300 mm process technology.
Cloud computing Quantum computers

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Some Salient Points About Quantum Computers

  • These equipments will be highly sensitive to outer atmosphere.
  • Quantum computers will have to be kept in rooms where temperature is zero.
  • Standard consumption of electricity by a quantum computer to cool down will be around 10 to 15 Kws of power.
  • The main challenge is to integrate more and more qubits to silicon chips. Qubits enhance the amount of heat radiation that such computers will emit, but these qubits are necessary let the system work well.

The Conclusion

Quantum computing will basically work on the principles of quantum physics. IBM is specifically designing quantum computer for people at large. The company has started researching on quantum computing as early as 1972. IBM uses superconducting to make sure that electromagnetic energy moving clockwise and anticlockwise make up a qubit in no time.

Image source: newsweek

The aim of IBM scientist is to let quantum computer operate with 50 to 100 Qubits and it could be a gigantic leap forward in the world of technology and computers. A quantum computer can do a humongous amount of calculations within a fraction of second. However, it is more suitable for big data analyses. Smaller the problems and algorithms to solve, more time it will take to complete the same.

Bees Are Super Intelligent & Learn Tasks from Other Bees!

Bees Are Super Intelligent to Learn Tasks from Other Bees!

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Bees might have little brains, but that are capable enough to do lots of things. They are far more intelligent than what humans assumed them to be. The latest research conducted at Queen Mary University, London, showed that Bees are quick learners and learn from the things around the environment. Then they disseminate the message within other bees too.

According to Loukola, one of the researchers on the subject, “I think the most important result in our case was that bumblebees can not just copy others but they can improve upon what they are learning. This is of course amazing for small-brained insects — even for us, it’s difficult to improve on something when we are copying others, she added.”

The experiment conducted by the scientists was to judge whether bees would be able to move a yellow ball into the center of a platform or not. Surprisingly they did. Bees saw the ball move, and then they tried doing the same. Scientists used magnets and sugar water (reward) while carrying out this experiment. When Bees saw that some sort of reward was there, they successfully completed the assignment.

Some Amazing Things about Bee Brains that We Don’t Know

Bumblebees pollinate nearly one-third of the total food crops of the world.

Despite being a smaller in size, a bumblebee’s brain is a lot denser than other mammals and humans.

Bees have an outstanding ability to smell and see things correctly using their sensory system in brains.

They have good memory and an ability to recognize various colors too.

A bee brain can calculate around 9 trillion plus things in a second which is far more than a computer that can count only 15 billion computations in a second.

What Does This Research Prove

Satisfied with the result, Reese Halter, a conservation biologist explained, “Bees are highly intelligent creatures. They use their neurons in their brain as efficiently as any other animal on the globe. There’s little under a million neurons in a bee brain, which is approximately the number of neurons in one human retina.” However, Halter explained the same as an outsider – he wasn’t involved in the real research.

Bees Are Super Intelligent & Learn Tasks from Other Bees!

Image source: Credit: O.J. Loukola et al., Science (2017)

Bees communicate with each other through jostling, head-butting and dancing. An experiment conducted a few years back in 2009 confirmed the fact that bees are quite intelligent to trace out real flowers from the artificial ones. Earlier, scientists believed in the concept that big brains work better, but the latest research on bumble bee confirmed that even tiniest brains can work more intelligently than humans and other living beings.

Mankind’s Deadliest Creation

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In 1939, the scientific community discovered that the Germans had found the secret to split a uranium atom. This they thought would make them capable of producing a bomb with power of incredible destruction.

Enrico Fermi and Albert Einstein fled the Nazi Germany to US to escape death. They wanted to inform the President of the United States about the atomic bomb technology with the opponent Axis Powers.

Fermi and Einstein tried to press upon the necessity to start an atomic research program with the then President Roosevelt. Roosevelt agreed and in 1941 America received the sanction of the Manhattan Project.

In the end of the ear 1972, Fermi along with a group of Physicists conducted the first controlled nuclear chain reaction at the University of Chicago. Since then the Manhattan project progressed at a rapid speed. About $2 billion dollars had been spent in the development of the atomic bomb. The project had employed over 120,000 people in America and the project had to be kept a secret somehow.

Roosevelt and Churchill agreed for secrecy and decided that Stalin to be kept uninformed. There was no awareness of something of this sort being existent and thus there was no debate. Only the most important and trustworthy scientists working on the project knew about it and all the 120,000 employees were kept uninformed about the bomb.

Interestingly, Vice President Truman did not know about the project until he became President himself.

On July 16, 1945 the bomb was tested by Robert J Oppenheimer at Trinity test site in New Mexico.

Impact of the trial

During the test, clouds formed by the bomb reached 40,000 feet height.

Windows of houses over 100 miles away was broken.

The test was successful and fake news about ammunition dump being exploded in the desert was created to hide the test.

The rest is history.

 

Scientists Discovered Time Crystals: Latest form of Matter

 

In an interesting scientific development, two groups of scientists have discovered a new phase of matter called time crystals. Scientists from Harvard University and the University of Maryland have invented the first-ever time crystals. This newest form of matter will have its applications in quantum computers.

Time crystals have an atomic structure that repeats in time on periodic basis like tapping Jell-O to jiggle. The time crystals are similar to the liquid or gaseous state of ice. According to Yao (scientist) of UC Berkeley group, “time crystals are a new phase of matter, period and first example of non-equilibrium matter”. In fact, time crystals have conga line of 10 ytterbium ions whose electrons interact in a similar way how qubit systems work inside quantum computers.

The idea of time crystals was first conceived by Nobel Laureate Frank Wilczek in the year 2012. This subject then again got the limelight last year when physicists at Princeton University, the US proved that such crystal can be easily made. In fact, the nano atoms within the time crystals oscillate sans energy making it one of the isolated cases of non-equilibrium matter.

When it comes to normal crystals like diamonds, these have an atomic lattice or array of atoms attached to it – that repeats in space. Time crystals have added a new dimension to the study of matter. For the last few decades together scientists have been zeroing in on equilibrium matters like insulators and metals, but with the discovery of time crystals – this trend is set to change. Now, scientists will also give enough attention to non-equilibrium matters as well.

 

This phase diagram shows how changing the experimental parameters can ‘melt’ a time crystal into a normal insulator or heat up a time crystal to a high temperature thermal state. (Graphic Source: Norman Yao)

How does Time Crystal Functions?

Scientists claimed that time crystals break time symmetry. The magnetic field created by the crystals drive ytterbium atoms producing a typical repetition in it which otherwise won’t happen.

“You have some periodic driver that has a period ‘T’, but the system somehow synchronizes so that you observe the system oscillating with a period that is larger than ‘T’”, a scientist studying time crystals explained. This research on Time Crystals was well supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the concerned varsities.

Time crystals resemble jelly. It jiggles on tapping but otherwise remains motionless and without energy for most of the time. It is definitely a non-equilibrium matter. This prompted Yao and his team to come out with a detailed blueprint and hypothesis that accelerated massive research oin this field by other scientists as well. Yao’s blueprint was first published in Physical Review Letters.