Bees Are Super Intelligent & Learn Tasks from Other Bees!

Bees Are Super Intelligent to Learn Tasks from Other Bees!

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Bees might have little brains, but that are capable enough to do lots of things. They are far more intelligent than what humans assumed them to be. The latest research conducted at Queen Mary University, London, showed that Bees are quick learners and learn from the things around the environment. Then they disseminate the message within other bees too.

According to Loukola, one of the researchers on the subject, “I think the most important result in our case was that bumblebees can not just copy others but they can improve upon what they are learning. This is of course amazing for small-brained insects — even for us, it’s difficult to improve on something when we are copying others, she added.”

The experiment conducted by the scientists was to judge whether bees would be able to move a yellow ball into the center of a platform or not. Surprisingly they did. Bees saw the ball move, and then they tried doing the same. Scientists used magnets and sugar water (reward) while carrying out this experiment. When Bees saw that some sort of reward was there, they successfully completed the assignment.

Some Amazing Things about Bee Brains that We Don’t Know

Bumblebees pollinate nearly one-third of the total food crops of the world.

Despite being a smaller in size, a bumblebee’s brain is a lot denser than other mammals and humans.

Bees have an outstanding ability to smell and see things correctly using their sensory system in brains.

They have good memory and an ability to recognize various colors too.

A bee brain can calculate around 9 trillion plus things in a second which is far more than a computer that can count only 15 billion computations in a second.

What Does This Research Prove

Satisfied with the result, Reese Halter, a conservation biologist explained, “Bees are highly intelligent creatures. They use their neurons in their brain as efficiently as any other animal on the globe. There’s little under a million neurons in a bee brain, which is approximately the number of neurons in one human retina.” However, Halter explained the same as an outsider – he wasn’t involved in the real research.

Bees Are Super Intelligent & Learn Tasks from Other Bees!

Image source: Credit: O.J. Loukola et al., Science (2017)

Bees communicate with each other through jostling, head-butting and dancing. An experiment conducted a few years back in 2009 confirmed the fact that bees are quite intelligent to trace out real flowers from the artificial ones. Earlier, scientists believed in the concept that big brains work better, but the latest research on bumble bee confirmed that even tiniest brains can work more intelligently than humans and other living beings.

Are You Ready for Your First Ride On a Flying Car?

Are You Ready for Your First Ride On a Flying Car?

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Automobile technology is flourishing all around. Now we have reached a time when even flying cars on sky seems so real which looked absolutely impossible even a few years back. Hold your breath and nerves as within the next few days from now onwards, you might be actually notice a car flying up above the sky.

There was a time when engineers looked into the possible ways of transportation underground. This led to the discovery of underground metro-rail, and now people are looking at the sky to find some easy ways to commute from one place to another for a short distance that airplane doesn’t cover. Mostly, streets are full with people and traffic problems, so a flying car is definitely the best bet for short distance during office hours.

According to Tom Enders, CEO of Airbus (EADSY), the company is seriously looking at air transportation vehicles option that can be used or hailed with an app. In fact, Airbus is seriously planning to launch its proposed flying cars in the near future. And mind you, when self driving car is possible then flying cars with passengers will also become a reality sometime too soon.

Flying Cars: Technological Merits and Disadvantages

Airbus gave the name Pop.Up to its car flying platform. Reportedly, it is a passenger compartment that is fixed to its four-wheeled autonomous car. The company has also claimed that by the end of 2020, flying cars will be on full swing carrying passengers from one place to another almost everywhere. The biggest advantage of the car is its ability to run on the ground and fly over the head too.

However, whether the vehicle will get a legal sanction from the ATC (Air traffic Controller) to fly over the sky or not is a question that is still pondering in the mind of the people who are mesmerized by its innovation and technology. Nevertheless, the authority is also seriously contemplating about the future roadmap of flying cars.

The major problem that is looming over the prospect of a flying car is its need to accommodate all the parts and technology that can make it fly and run on the ground. The vehicle will actually move as per the direction given to it by the AI (Artificial Intelligence) integrated into its system.

How to Book a Flying Car

People can book a Pop.Up vehicle using the app available on their smartphones. The app will itself then certify whether a ground or air travel will be the best option for the passenger considering the route, distance, traffic and expenses. It is highly anticipated that such vehicles will work with the batteries having a huge capacity.

“Successfully designing and implementing solutions that will work both in the air and on the ground requires a joint reflection on the part of both aerospace and automotive sectors, alongside collaboration with local government bodies for infrastructure and regulatory frameworks,” an Airbus Official stated.

Dubai Is Set to Fly the World’s First Passenger-Carrying Drone

Dubai Is Set to Fly the World’s First Passenger-Carrying Drone

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Gone are the days when drones were widely used for counter-terrorism activities or at wars, nowadays, Drones have emerged out as the most innovative mode of transport for people in the middle East. Dubai is set to become the first region to in the world to approve passenger-carrying drone flying over the space. It will be for the first time that drones will be put to such use. Until now, Drones were mainly used for counter-terrorism and surveillance purposes.

In fact, it will work just like a normal airplane for shorter distances. The recent AP report claimed that the Dubai Roads and Transportation Agency is ready to experiment the single-person quadcopter which could be capable of carrying a passenger from one place to another. The Chinese drone-making company 184 Ehang has manufactured the device.

During the last World Government Summit, Dubai government official said this vehicle will be fully capable to fly safely in the open air. Interestingly, it will be for the first time that a drone will carry a passenger inside it. However, some more intricate issues like shared airspace, managing the device’s taking off and landing and whether it will fly automatically or will it have a pilot for passenger’s safety are need to be carefully examined before any final decision is taken.

Many residents of Dubai feel that it will definitely take some time before the dream of Drone-carrying passengers becomes real. The authorities are saying that by July every process would be completed to facilitate the first ever drone air transport.

This quadcopter looks little different than a normal air vehicle. It is egg-shaped having four legs and a mechanized look. The carrying capacity of the vehicle is up to 200 pounds plus a suitcase around 20 kg. Also, the vehicle will have a touch-screen pad that will operate automatically. The battery backup will be around 30-40 minutes and can cover up to 31 miles. The speed of the vehicle is expected to stay somewhere around 60 to 100 mph.

According to the Dubai’s Road and Transportation Agency, “the Dubai Civil Aviation Authority has examined the quadcopter for quality assurance purposes. It will operate through HSPA+ or 4G mobile network to give direction of its movement on sky and where it will move – the ATC will keep a constant tab on the every move of the drone to avert any sort of accident or mishap. This innovative step will give further impetus to Dubai’s dream of driverless vehicles across its streets. Dubai aims to have at least 25 per cent of its passengers commute via driverless vehicles by 2030.

Humans Won’t Survive another 1000 Years on Earth: Stephen Hawking

Humans Won’t Survive another 1000 Years on Earth: Stephen Hawking

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Celebrated Scientist Stephen Hawking has doubted about the possibility of the human survival on earth in the next 1000 years. In his latest speech at Oxford Union a few months back, Professor Hawking stressed on the importance of life exploration on other planets since the resources of the earth are getting exhausted at an alarming rate. In his own words, the famous physicist said, “I don’t think we will survive another 1,000 years without escaping beyond our fragile planet.”

Considering the way non-renewable resources are being used up by human beings each passing day, a situation might come in future when all fossil fuel from the earth would get completely depleted. So, whatever Stephen Hawking mentioned in his latest Oxford event should be understood in its proper perspective.

The visionary scientist who wrote in the afterword section of a new book “How to Make a Spaceship: A Band of Renegades, an Epic Race, and the Birth of Private Spaceflight” authored by journalist Julian Guthrie predicted that “I believe that life on earth is at an ever-increasing risk of being wiped out by possible disasters, such as a sudden nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus, or other dangers. I think the human race has no future if it doesn’t go to space.”

Stephen Hawking Gave a Deadline to Human’s Possible Extinction

Stephen Hawking, in fact, stunned the world when he categorically said that humans have just a 1000-year to find a new home in an outer space possibly in the form of a planet or exoplanet. No doubt, Stephen Hawking’s theory also gets more backing from the fact that NASA has already started exploring life in other planets and exoplanets too like the Trappist-1.

During his hour-long speech at the recent Oxford Union in November last year, Stephen Hawking asked scientists to focus more on the possibility of a life there. Hawking has also reservations about the technological innovations including the ultra-sophisticated Artificial Intelligence (AI) mechanics that is crucial to his own communication process. But Hawking suspected that development of full AI could virtually bring an end to human generation.

Hawking felt that earth’s catastrophe would be prompted by human’s urge towards using more earth’s limited resources which could virtually destroy the planet in its totality.

“We face a number of threats to our survival from nuclear war, catastrophic global warming, and genetically engineered viruses. The number is likely to increase in the future, with the development of new technologies, and new ways things can go wrong. Although the chance of a disaster to planet earth in a given year may be quite low, it adds up over time,” Hawking said in November speech at Oxford.

According to Stephen Hawking, the rising threat of AI, climate change and nuclear terrorism is largely looming before the world as a whole in the next century. Hawking gave a deadline of 1000 years for humans to find another planet for survival before earth gets destructed and virtually mass extinction occurs.

NASA Discovers TRAPPIST-1, a System of 7 Earth-Like Exoplanets

NASA Discovers TRAPPIST-1, a System of 7 Earth-Like Exoplanets

Image Source: NASA

In its latest press conference, NASA took the entire world by surprise when the American premier space agency announced the discovery of seven earth-like planets, Trappist-1. It basically represents a system where seven planets almost the size of the planet Earth are located just outside the solar system. These planets are also called Exoplanets.

NASA astronauts have confirmed that these planets are rocky in nature with close proximity to stars. The scientists have discovered TRAPPIST-1 (Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescope) are red dwarf having cooler atmosphere inside.

The TRAPPIST-1 is a series of 7 earth-sized exoplanets. All seven of the TRAPPIST-1 planetary orbits are closer to their host star. The system is located some 40-light years (235 trillion miles) away from Earth. These 7 planetary bodies are called exoplanets because of their location outside our solar system. TRAPPIST-1 planets are rocky with mountainous terrains. Scientists are now probing if there is a possibility of the presence of water or any other liquid inside TRAPPIST-1.

NASA is now set to launch its new Webb telescope next year, scientists are even more eager to use a specialized instrument for the purpose of detecting the chemical elements like water, oxygen, ozone and other substance from these exoplanets.

“The seven wonders of TRAPPIST-1 are the first Earth-size planets that have been found orbiting this kind of star,” said Michael Gillon, principal investigator at the University of Liege, Belgium.

It is for the first time the scientists have successfully found seven planets having similar structures and characteristics almost similar to earth. Surprisingly, scientists are having firm believe in the existence of water and life in these planets. However, no confirmation has come out as yet.

According to Sarah Ballard, an MIT researcher, “If one of these planets hosts life and the adjacent one doesn’t, why not?” stated Sarah Ballard. Exactly the same goes with Earth and Venus. While, Earth support life, its nearest planet Venus doesn’t.

However, it’s still too early to say whether all these exoplanets would support life. Actually, some of them release off as much UV rays that the Sun does. And this clearly means that it won’t support the life of any form. The temperature at these exoplanets is expected to be somewhere around 0 to 100 degree Celsius.

Amaury Triaud, a scientist at the University of Cambridge said, “We have made a crucial step towards finding life out there. Up to now, I don’t think we have had the right planets to find out. Now we have the right target.”

Interestingly, this discovery made it evident that the Milky Way might be a home to tens of billions of worlds. The invention of Trappist-1 and its further research will shed more light on it which the scientists until now were completely unaware of.

Are Zombies Real?

Are Zombies Real?

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One of the most mysterious urban legends of our time, Zombie has once again started creating a lot of buzz inside the world of science and politics as well. Recently, some of the US’s politicians (most from the Illinois) have cautioned citizens and law enforcement agencies to take their Zombie preparedness ability more seriously.

Last year, the month of October was marked as the “Zombie Preparedness Month.” Reportedly, it is being said that intelligence inputs might have got some inputs that prompted the state authorities to raise awareness of the people about Zombies. The Illinois state assembly put forward a house resolution (HR 0030) that asked people of Illinois to stay well prepared for Zombies; by doing so they can be in a better position to handle nature’s fury and other disasters as well.

The resolution was approved by the house a few days back. The bill also exposed America’s preparedness towards combating nature’s fury. Few states even lack the modus operandi to distribute food, water and medicine supply to affected people during a natural disaster

The debate was actually regarding America’s capacity to fight nature’s wrath but Rep. Steven Anderson, R-Geneva, made the conversation more interesting by raising the question that which type of Zombie to be used for natural disaster preparedness? He argued that Zombies portrayed on “Z Nation” are faster but those on “The Walking Dead” are more organised.

Scientific Evidence to Zombie’s Existence

Believe it or not, Zombies are real! Science is notorious for doing things that we couldn’t even dream of. Dr Wade Davis, a well known scientist, has learned the “art of making Zombie” using mysterious Zombie juice  and toad skin. He learnt the art from a Vodoo practitioner in Haiti.

1) Zombies are created by Vodoo priests belonging to Bizango secret societies.

2) Zombification or creating someone a Zombie is an ultimate form of punishment to a culprit or convict under Bizango societies.

In his book, “Passage of Darkness (1988)”, the scientist claimed to have found the reality of Zombies. He concluded that by putting on toad skin all over the body and consuming a poisonous substance, the person goes insane and stays in an inebriated state for a long time – mostly for life long time.

 What Does a Zombie Do?

They mystery of Zombies has always made people curious. Zombie basically denotes a dead man having an ability to walk in an eerie manner. They suck blood from humans. The English word “Zombie” first came to use in 1819 when the Brazilian poet Robert Southey mentioned the term Zombi in his literary work.

Zombie is largely categorized as a work of fiction with no existence of its own. They eat raw meat of humans and animals. According to the Haitian folklore, whoever commits suicide – never gets salvation. Their souls could neither enter a new human body nor could it escape from the world. They continue to stay in a half-human and half-dead state forever!

Earth Finds its 8th Continent in Zealandia: Say Scientists

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Image source: i amz mshcdn.com

Until now, the earth has seven continents; Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, Latin America and North America. But the latest news confirmed that scientists have now unveiled the latest mystery surrounding the eighth continent Zealandia.

Researchers have now argued that New Caledonia and New Zealand are not just an island chain, but a gigantic part of 5-million-square kilometer slab of continental crust (excluding Australia) – submerged under water.

Prominent geologist Luyendyk discovered the term Zealandia for the newly-discovered continent as early as 1995 because of its closer proximity to New Zealand region. It covers the regions of New Zealand, New Caledonia and a collection of crust that broke off from the ancient Gondwana region. According to an estimate, around 95 per cent of Zealandia is currently submerged underwater in the Southwest Pacific Ocean.

Criteria for a Land to Constitute as a Continent

  • Land that is high from the sea floor.
  • The presence of three types of rocks; Igneous, Metamorphic and sedimentary. Igneous rocks are formed out of volcanic eruption, metamorphic rocks are formed due to intense heat and pressure, and sedimentary rocks come to form out of erosion.
  • Thicker crust surrounding the sea floor.
  • Having a considerable size of an area.

Eventually, Luyedyk came to conclusion with the term Zealandia for the area that is expected to be continental with a collection of micro continents. The recent study suggests that Zealandia is a part of a unified region. The area is estimated to be even bigger than India. More research into the subject is still awaited.

Some More Interesting Facts about Zealandia

Zealandia consists of two plates; the Pacific plate and the Australian Plate. “I’m from California, and it has a plate boundary going through it. In millions of years, the western part will be up near Alaska. Does that make it not part of North America? No,” said Luyendyk.

Today, only five percent of the Zealandia land is visible. The process of classifying Zealandia as a continent could take a few more years after due observation by the geoscientists.

The country that will be hot topic among scientist is New Zealand. As it is still to be determined that what part of New Zealand will constitute Zealandia and what part will continue to be counted as a territory of New Zealand – the nation?

Zealandia covers parts of Norfolk Island, the Lord Howe Island group, New Zealand and Middleton reefs. It is believed that Zealandia broke away from Gondwana some 80 million years back. Over the last two decades, geologists worldwide are trying to include Zealandia as an independent and well-recognised Continent. If their proposal is approved, Zealandia is set to become the world’s eighth and smallest continent.

The Demand of Separate Statehood

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As cited by administrators, creating a separate state is an enunciation to a better judiciary and administration.

Although creating a separate country is based on different science altogether. Considering a recent example of Scottish referendum, the Scots being a separate country but falling in the jurisdiction of UK voted NO because many were afraid of how an independent Scotland might change their day-to-day lives. While the ‘Yes’ camp’s case for independence attracted millions of voters, the task of building a workable, independent nation proved too daunting for many.

In India we have too many examples were the separatisms has prevailed due to various reasons. Lets us not drag J & Kashmir in this issue as it has a different history all together.

(AFSPA) in 1958 to put down separatist movements in certain parts of the country when insurgency occurred in North East India in Manipur, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura. The more important issue with these states however is territorial dispute with neighbours such as Pakistan and the PRC, rather than independence from the India.

The law was first enforced in Manipur and then also in other insurgency-ridden north-east. It was extended to most parts of Indian-administered Kashmir soon after the outbreak of armed insurgency in 1989.
The soldiers are immune to law against prosecution unless the Indian government gives prior sanction for such prosecution. The government demands that the AFSPA is necessary to restore normalcy in regions like Kashmir and Manipur. The situations in these have always been highly sensitive, we have also noticed oppressions from the people, especially the brave Iron Lady of Manipur, Irom Sharmila and then the inhumane case of Thangjam Manorama which lead to a huge and nationwide fruitless protest.

Nagalim(Nagaland)
Tripura
Khalistan(Sikh Country)
Bodoland (Assam)

Are a few examples were insurgency for a separate country arose in the past. Also Dravida Nadu (Dravidian speaking) people rose to create a separate country for the speakers of Dravidian Language with the support of the local political party DMK.

It would be wrong to assure that such insurgency may not occur in the future because India is a politically driven country, with countless languages and incredible diversity. Language, religion, caste are a few reasons that initiate such extremism.

We must look into North East, even today we experience cases of these people coming to other states for for education and jobs and being killed due to language barriers and non identical reasons (Bangalore,Delhi)

It is somewhere our fault that leads to such incidents. Weather or not it is bound to happens again in our country, we must realise the fact the diversity is a boon and a curse to the nation. Defending this country we must strive hard to respect each other and if we can, we must go out of our way to offset this common sense of inequality because the only way we can succeed in becoming a first world nation is by understanding the strength of this diversified nation and promoting the idea of egalitarianism.

Mankind’s Deadliest Creation

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In 1939, the scientific community discovered that the Germans had found the secret to split a uranium atom. This they thought would make them capable of producing a bomb with power of incredible destruction.

Enrico Fermi and Albert Einstein fled the Nazi Germany to US to escape death. They wanted to inform the President of the United States about the atomic bomb technology with the opponent Axis Powers.

Fermi and Einstein tried to press upon the necessity to start an atomic research program with the then President Roosevelt. Roosevelt agreed and in 1941 America received the sanction of the Manhattan Project.

In the end of the ear 1972, Fermi along with a group of Physicists conducted the first controlled nuclear chain reaction at the University of Chicago. Since then the Manhattan project progressed at a rapid speed. About $2 billion dollars had been spent in the development of the atomic bomb. The project had employed over 120,000 people in America and the project had to be kept a secret somehow.

Roosevelt and Churchill agreed for secrecy and decided that Stalin to be kept uninformed. There was no awareness of something of this sort being existent and thus there was no debate. Only the most important and trustworthy scientists working on the project knew about it and all the 120,000 employees were kept uninformed about the bomb.

Interestingly, Vice President Truman did not know about the project until he became President himself.

On July 16, 1945 the bomb was tested by Robert J Oppenheimer at Trinity test site in New Mexico.

Impact of the trial

During the test, clouds formed by the bomb reached 40,000 feet height.

Windows of houses over 100 miles away was broken.

The test was successful and fake news about ammunition dump being exploded in the desert was created to hide the test.

The rest is history.

 

Countries that run on 100% Renewable energy

57f166f7839ae31b1f1b99ae_under30experiences-blog-costa-rica-renewable-energy-wind-farm Image Source: under30experiences.com

Costa Rice

In 2015, Costa Rica for the first time ran on renewable energy for more than 300 days. In 2016, the country until September, had completed 150 days of complete renewable energy consumption.

Most of the electricity in Costa Rica is produced through hydropower and geothermal technology. The country is yet to get rid of about 2 million cars that run on gas.

Costa Rica has taken up the aim to modernize their energy production and consumption process to sustain the current environment and to improve renewable energy performance.

Electricity in Costa Rica is generated through turbines in dams. This process accounts for 78% electricity supply.

Costa Rica’s renewable energy plans got tremendous push when in 2014, the government approved $1 billion for geothermal project. Geothermal project uses heat from the earth to generate power for electric generators.

Iceland

Iceland is another country that has shown ambition for 100% renewable energy consumption. Ice too has a geothermal and hydropower technology. Through the similar process, Iceland generates almost 100% of its electricity which is renewable.

There’s another interesting side to Iceland. The country not only uses geothermal heat for powering generators, but also uses pipes to transfer the geothermal heat using water. This they send to about 87% of their homes.

Since the 1940’s the country has been betting big on geothermal resources for generating electricity. This they have done efficiently by establishing a research and implementation agency that oversees the development in the field.

This has roughly saved about 8 billion dollars of Iceland for not using oil. It has also reduced the country’s carbon emissions by more than 33% in 30 years.

Albania and Paraguay

Albania and Paraguay have too converted themselves as renewable energy producers.

Albania, home to eight rivers has successfully fulfilled the country’s requirements in energy. But rising demands have pushed the country to import means of increasing energy production.

Paraguay on the other hand produces nearly 100 percent of its energy through hydropower.

What made them successful?

Most importantly, all of these countries have low population. A low population demands lower energy consumption. Apart from that the country is rich in research and development and has been a first world country or a developed country for a long time. The population is educated and all of this has made it possible for a better energy generation and consumption pattern.

Apart from that, these countries are located in resource rich areas. They have easy access to water and earth heat. Thus their access to natural resources has played a major role in their success.