Top 9 Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) Teachings You Must Know

Top 9 Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) Teachings You Must Know

Image source: charity-matters

Dalai Lama is a well known figure in the world of politics and spirituality. He was conferred with Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 for his relentless struggle against China to bring autonomous regime in Tibet while making it an independent state. Time and again, he also preached for peace all across the globe

Apart from his well known political campaign against China on grounds of human rights violation in Tibet, his Holiness Dalai Lama is also widely regarded for his inspirational quotes, speeches and teachings. He presented an ideal way to live peacefully in the world while disseminating the message of peace, love and harmony all around.

#1) “We can never obtain peace in the outer world until we make peace with ourselves”.

The above quote amply reflects the need to calm our mind, body and soul first before we strive towards making world a better place to live in.

#2) “This is my simple religion. There is no need for temples; no need for complicated philosophy. Our own brain, our own heart is our temple; the philosophy is kindness.”

The day people learn the real meaning of kindness, world will definitely become more peaceful. However, we need to make our brains receptive enough to grasp the positive aspect of life teachings. People shouldn’t fight over religions but realize the real meaning of it.

#3) “The purpose of our lives is to be happy.”

Happiness is the way of life. We should chase happiness first – everything else comes later.

#4) “Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries. Without them, humanity cannot survive”.

Humanity can’t survive sans compassion and love. They are necessary for a happy living. Humanity is in fact all about love and compassion. We must treat everyone around us with full respect and affection.

#5) “If you can, help others; if you cannot do that, at least do not harm them.”

God has given you a beautiful life to serve the mankind with the language of love, hope and compassion. You shouldn’t misuse it by using your energy towards anything that could eventually harm others. Follow the righteous path as always.

#6) “We are the controller of the technology. If we become a slave of technology, then that’s not good.”

Of course, technology is meant to help mankind. It is not something that should create more gaps within the humans. We should be able to use technology for positive purposes we must not become its slave.

#7) “Anger is the ultimate destroyer of your own peace of mind”.

Anger is the worst form of human emotion. Every time a person loses his temper he ceases to behave normal. People should combat every challenge in calm and intellectual manner without letting the feeling of anger affects him.

#8) “People take different roads seeking fulfillment and happiness. Just because they’re not on your road doesn’t mean they’ve gotten lost.”

In the current days, when everything is measured in either my or highway dictum – this beautiful quote from his Holiness Dalai Lama XIV acts as a whiff of fresh air. Yes, people may choose different path to choose happiness but that doesn’t mean they are all lost. We shouldn’t judge others without understanding their Karma and purpose of doing anything.

#9) “The roots of all goodness lie in the soil of appreciation for goodness”.

Finally, if you wish to be a good human being then you should also have to appreciate the goodness around us. Goodness begets goodness and leads to well fare of the masses. Unless we appreciate the good deeds of the others, negative and pessimistic elements will keep our mind preoccupied and we won’t be able to do good things in our lives.

Mankind’s Deadliest Creation

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In 1939, the scientific community discovered that the Germans had found the secret to split a uranium atom. This they thought would make them capable of producing a bomb with power of incredible destruction.

Enrico Fermi and Albert Einstein fled the Nazi Germany to US to escape death. They wanted to inform the President of the United States about the atomic bomb technology with the opponent Axis Powers.

Fermi and Einstein tried to press upon the necessity to start an atomic research program with the then President Roosevelt. Roosevelt agreed and in 1941 America received the sanction of the Manhattan Project.

In the end of the ear 1972, Fermi along with a group of Physicists conducted the first controlled nuclear chain reaction at the University of Chicago. Since then the Manhattan project progressed at a rapid speed. About $2 billion dollars had been spent in the development of the atomic bomb. The project had employed over 120,000 people in America and the project had to be kept a secret somehow.

Roosevelt and Churchill agreed for secrecy and decided that Stalin to be kept uninformed. There was no awareness of something of this sort being existent and thus there was no debate. Only the most important and trustworthy scientists working on the project knew about it and all the 120,000 employees were kept uninformed about the bomb.

Interestingly, Vice President Truman did not know about the project until he became President himself.

On July 16, 1945 the bomb was tested by Robert J Oppenheimer at Trinity test site in New Mexico.

Impact of the trial

During the test, clouds formed by the bomb reached 40,000 feet height.

Windows of houses over 100 miles away was broken.

The test was successful and fake news about ammunition dump being exploded in the desert was created to hide the test.

The rest is history.

 

Rise of ISIS

Image source: www.pbs.org

Rise of Islamic State a phenomenon that has scared the entire world. It’s controlled territory is as big as United Kingdom which cover huge oil supplies and covertly sells it to nations who too buy it without coming out in the fray.

So how did ISIS come to be?

What does it want?

When Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979, men from the middle east came to Afghanistan in support of the rebels who were fighting against the soviets and to overthrow the government. Who was right and who was wrong is a different discussion altogether. These people came to be known as Mujahideen (one engaged in holy war called jihad)

Osama Bin Laden was also one of them. He came from a rich bin Laden family of Saudi Arabia along with him was Abu Musab Zarqawi who was a Jordanian. These two failed to get along and thus both had their own faction. Bin Laden headed Al Qaeda and Zarqawi headed ISIS.

In the year 1989, the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan after which Zarqawi and Bin Laden headed back to their countries. Laden started spreading the ideas of Al Qaeda and initiated a worldwide revolt against Islam’s enemies.

Eventually, both returned back to Afghanistan, which was then ruled by Taliban. After the September 11 attack on the Twin Towers of the United States of America, US declared war as Osama declared that he was the one who did it. Following invade, Osama hid in Pakistan, while Zarqawi hid in Iraq.

Two years later, United States under the Presidentship of George Bush and supported by UK invaded Iraq, which created unprecedented havoc in the middle east and which is responsible for the current mess in the subcontinent.

After Saddam’s Sunni dictatorship was toppled by American and supporting forces, they left the Iraqi soldiers as they were and left the country in turmoil without initiating a process to form a government in the country.

Eventually, the disbanded and financially ailing Sunni Iraqi soldiers join the insurgency since it was ready to pay them.  On the other hand, the Jihadist groups were also Sunni. The phase Iraq was entering into was a repetition of of what happened in Afghanistan.

This gave impetus to Zarqawi’s group who came to be the most ruthless group in Iraq. They attacked Shia, Iraq’s majority and igniting an unprecedented Shia-Sunni civil war in Iraq. They became popular among the jihadist groups and Al Qaeda was sidelined, thus Al Qaeda intending to bolster its image, formed an alliance with Zarqawi’s group came to be known as Al Qaeda in Iraq.

In 2006, Zarqawi was killed in a US airstrike and Al Qaeda in Iraq was weakened. This lead to withdrawal of US troops from Iraq in 2011 as Iraq looked stable.

Then came the Arab Spring in the same year, which spread across the middle east. In neighbouring Syria, Bashar al-Assad violently crushed down the protestors and the conflict lead to a civil war in Syria.

Assad released jihadists from prisons fearing his direct involvement will attract foreign intervention. In Iraq the the previously Al Qaeda in Iraq was being headed by a self proclaimed Islamic scholar Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and was renamed as Islamic State of Iraq.

Baghdadi sent troops to Syria to help fight alongside rebel forces of Jabhat al-Nusra. Baghdadi eventually recruited new jihadists by after releasing prisoners of Iraq by attacking the prisons. This gave tremendous power to IS in Iraq and Baghdadi announced that will take control of the Al-Qaeda allies in Syria and Iraq and IS in Iraq became IS in Iraq and Syria.

The rest is history!

Why Pakistan named the Indian cyclone

Recently cyclone Vardah swept the Indian southern State of Tamil Nadu in which 18 people lost their lives along with widespread destruction of the green cover and infrastructure. Many livelihoods were uprooted and squatters displaced.

The name ‘Vardah’ means red rose in Urdu and was suggested by Pakistan. According to a report by the Indian Meteorological Department, through suggestions of several countries a comprehensive list of names of cyclones in the 1900s was formed. It was decided that the names would be feminine and that they would be in alphabetical order as the year proceeds. Later masculine names were given to the cyclones formed in the Southern Hemisphere.

The reason for such names were that they were easier to remember and identifiable for the general public.

The list was formed by eight countries – Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Thailand, and covers the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

If anyone wants to suggest a name they can write to IMD’s Director General of Meteorology.

So as to help quick identification of tropical cyclones, the system of naming began; it also makes it easier for media to report about the storm. It’s also easier to remember these names as compare to technical terms and increases preparedness.

How does the naming happen?

E.g. If a storm is names Antara, beginning with letter A, then that means that storm is the first to occur in that year. These names are maintained by the National Hurricane Center. Before 1900, the forecasters used male names for southern hemisphere cyclones, later on the names were taken from the lists by the hurricane center.

The names are updated and maintained by the World Meteorological Organization.

Below are the list of names and the pattern in which the names are written. The name Vardah also is mentioned in the list. You can check which name will be used next time any cyclone hits the Indian Ocean.

$618 Billion Defence Bill will push US-India Defence ties

Image sorce: indianembassy.org

On December 24, US President Barack Obama signed a $618 billion defence policy bill. In this policy, there are mentions to US-India security co-operation.

Here are 5 most important things you need to know about this bill.

  1. This bill, known as the National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA) was passed by the US House of Representatives and the Senate.

The bill talks about US security relations with Pakistan by saying that US will refocus” its security assistance with its cold war ally.

The bills says that it NDAA will “refocus security assistance to Pakistan on activities that directly support US national security interests and condition a significant portion of funding on a certification from the secretary of defence that Pakistan is taking demonstrable steps against the Haqqani Network in Pakistan territory.”

  1. Guantanamo Bay Facility

Obama’s big target of closing the brutal Guantanamo Bay Facility will not be achieved as the NDAA bill lays restrictions on Guantanamo Bay facility detainees being transferred.

  1. Army and Marine Corps

The NDAA bill authorizes 4, 76,000 active duty soldiers, increase of 16000 from earlier authorisation. The bill also authorises 1, 85,000 Marines, again an increase of 3000 more.

  1. US-India security co-operation

NDAA also promises to enhance security ties with India. This was categorized under the bill in “Supporting Allies and Partner” section.

  1. Increase in Funding

The bill also increased the base funding by $3.2 billion. It also calls for $5.8 billion more in war money requested by the White House.

How Impressionism changed the culture of Art

 

Traditionally, art and artists where about painting portraits, but impressionism hanged the concept and expression through art.

The spark of impressionism was first felt in 1862 with four young artists in a studio in France. Claude Manet, Camille Pissaro, Edgar Degas and Alfred Sisley were under the tutelage of Charles Gleyre. Charle’s style of painting was unconventional and was considered to be hostile to what traditional painters thought about art and reality.

The paintings of that time consisted majorly romanticism and neoclassicism which used thick brush strokes and dark colours. These paintings were hosted at the Salon De Perry, the most prestigious art exhibition of that time.

The cult of Salon de Perry was such that if a painter was not to show there, he was not to be taken seriously as a painter and thus had no career.

The impressionists on the other hand did what the other artists did not. They captured the reality as it was. They painted scenes as they were in everyday lives which at that time was not considered important or rather appropriate.

Napoleon rules France at that time and France was undergoing furious modernization. Napoleon ordered destruction of thousands of houses to make new modern ones on par with American modern infrastructure. These changes in everyday France was captured by the Impressionists in their paintings.

These paintings were so huge a success that people from other countries moved to Paris after being inspired by the paintings. This led to doubling of the city’s population.

In the second half of the 19th century, impressionists formed their own group and remained indifferent to political changed of that time. Their paintings were completely real based on true emotions and portrayal of natural beauty.

Moreover these artists were not inspired by money for their paintings rather they were inspired by painting realities. This was unacceptable to the artists of that time. This became evident when half of their 5000 paintings were rejected at Salon de Perry. Napoleon ordered a different exhibition for these rejected artists but it failed to generate good response and was also criticized extensively.

Interestingly the word impressionism was created by the art critics of the time who used the term to mock the artist’s impression of sunrise by Claude Manet. Inspired by the criticism, the young artists took up impressionism itself called themselves as the Impressionists.

Their paintings were not appreciated and they had to face several unsuccessful shows starting from their first show in 1874 in Paris. In 1886, they gave their last show and thus the era of the impressionists came to an end. By this point of time impressionism had spread across the western world through Claude Manet. He constant tried to spread the idea of impressionism and eventually succeeded in doing so. But by the time success hit his doorsteps, most of his fellow artists were not there to taste it.

 

Australia Protests against Adani Coal Mining Project

The protestors of Melbourne and Townsville of Australia have called on the Australian government to invest in solar energy, rather than coal.

The debate has come to light after the Queensland Parliament passed the Environmental Protection (Underground Water Management) and other Legislation Amendment Bill, 2016. After the ratification of this amendment, a company, in this case Adani Mining Pty Ltd, will not go through public objection process once it has been scrutinized by the Environmental Impact Statement and the Land Court.

This, in Adani’s case means that since the Carmichael coal mine project has already gone through Land Court cases, their water license will not be appealable at the Land Court after this bill. The company can still be dragged for a judicial review, but not a subject of challenge in a Land Court that deals with environmental issues in the state of Queensland of Australia.

The mining project has become a controversy because the Carmichael mine is situated near the Great Artesian Basin. The basin is a major resource for agriculture. The mining project seeks to use 12.5 gigalitres of water each year from the Belyando river, one of the longest in Queensland.

The company on the other hand has advertised jobs and investment as means to legitimize the project even though the people have objected for it and propose to generate power through solar energy.

Adani’s company received state govt’s support since it granted the Carmichael project as “critical infrastructure” and “prescribed project” so as to fast track the process of its start. Giving “critical infrastructure” and “prescribed project” assertion removes strict legal actions against the company as it empower the firm with ministerial consent. It also undermines judicial scrutiny and lawfulness of the project.

Even after the economic support, Adani has failed to showcase the financial viability of this project. Neither the government is willing to put money, nor the banks. But the company points out that if the project was financially nonviable, they wouldn’t have put in about $3 billion already and about 100 million only on legal affairs.

How industrial revolution changed the world

Industrial revolution saw the epitome of human intelligence, as a result innovations of industrial revolution paved the way for modern human lifestyle.

Until seventeenth century, most labour occupations were limited to work on fields. Labourers worked on lands of the aristocrats (the ones who owned land) and that was their only livelihood. Although the lives of aristocrats were elegant and full of leisure, servants were always at their disposal, be it for raising their children or taking their dogs for a walk. The lives of both were interdependent and the system had been there long enough to forget for those in service to not know when it all started.

The innovations that followed, mostly in United States and Britain significantly altered this system and put in place a new system that was momentous and game changing.

Inventors built machines for different kinds of work, like ones powered by water, steam and coal. The most important ones being steam engine, electricity, telephone, telegraph and so on.

  1. James Watt did not invent the Steam Engine

The first patent done against a steam engine was by Jerónimo de Ayanz y Beaumont in 1606. Beaumont was a Spanish inventor.

It was more than 150 years later, that James Watt invented a steam engine that could rotate continuously. This was a historic development in the invention since the invention and thus invention of steam engine is highly attributed to James Watt rather than Beaumont.

  1. Traveling show had encouraged the idea of anesthesia

Horace wells while watching a traveling show saw an acquaintance get injured while being high on laughing gas (nitrous oxide). He asked the man later if he did not feel the pain. To his surprise, the man said no. He tested the gas on himself and asked the organizer of the show, Gardner Colton to remove his molar. After experimenting it successfully on himself, he then tried it on his patients.

  1. It took eight hours to get the first photograph

A French inventor, Nicephore Niepce, in the 1820s, created the first photograph by exposing light sensitive chemicals coated on a paper. He exposed the paper to the image projected by the camera obscura and we got one of the first images ever recorded. Though there were many, but eventually got destroyed and thus, Le Gras by Nicephore remains the oldest surviving photograph.

Can Trump Prevent North Korea’s Crude Missile Test on US Land?

Image Source: Reuters

Amid brewing tension between the North Korea and the United States (US), a question has come to fore that can the Trump-led US prevent or go for a preemptive strike if North Korea launches its ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles) to the mainland of the US? Well, nobody has a definite answer to it.

Recently, a North Korean official announced that the Kim Jong-Un is building up his nuclear arsenal and defense capability to thwart any attack coming from the American side. There is a clear-cut ideological difference between the capitalist-democratic US and the Communist North Korea, but both countries are tight-lipped about their defense strategy.

However, what could be clearly counted as a matter of provocation, a North Korean official has recently said that their ICBM could easily hit the US cities like Los Angeles or New York. Once the news reached the White House, incumbent president Donald Trump rebuked the claim saying it won’t happen. The undercurrent of the President’s message is clear; if North Korea dares so then the US has many alternative options to stop the same.

But North Korea is relentlessly improving its nuclear capability and American sources quoted that Kim Jung-Un government has launched a satellite into orbit a few months back named Unha rocket. It has a range of around 10,000 Km at one go. It could easily cover 13,000 kilometers to reach into the US mainland from North Korea.

Last year, North Korea launched KN-08 ballistic missile. North Korea revealed pictures of its newly launched missile engine which could launch a nuclear attack to the US. However, US State Department official stated that North Korean ICBM doesn’t have that the technology to fit a weapon atop it.

Options before the US to Subdue North Korea’s Nuclear Ambition

  • Launch a massive airstrike and sending bombers over North Korea to demolish missile launch pad. However, this strategy must be exercised as the last option.
  • Initiate proper diplomacy and engage in bilateral dialogues via Sweden to ensure that both nations won’t go for a war.
  • The US can keep NATO and its allies informed about the possible North Korea strike on the US – so that they can stay cautious.
  • Whenever ICBM is launched from North Korea, the US can stop it by using ground-based interceptor missiles. It has a reserve in Alaska, Vandenberg and other places.
  • The US is developing its anti-missile Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system to intercept any missile attack emanating from North Korea.
  • The US should launch a diplomatic campaign to isolate North Korea while taking other countries into confidence, must ask North Korean regime to shun its nuclear armament desires.

In recent times, North Korea-US relations have taken a backseat because of Kim Jong-Un’s continued testing of nuclear weapons. Last year on January 6, 2016, North Korea conducted its fourth nuclear test successfully which raised eyebrows of several nations including the erstwhile South Korea and the US as well.

Then in the same year, US put North Korea’s head Kim Jong-Un on its list of sanctioned individuals which Pyongyang perceived as a direct threat of war by the US on North Korea. It would be interesting to see how both nations would de-escalate the tensions between them – the world hopes that US-North Korea won’t go that far and ultimately peace prevails.

Climate Change Could Disrupt Atlantic Ocean Currents

Image Source: NASA/ Reuters

The natural circulation process that carries hot surface water towards Greenland, and sinks as it cools before flowing back towards the Equator closer to the seafloor, what we call AMOC (Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation) in scientific terminology, is on the edge now.

The latest research report published in the journal Science Advances have indicated the prevalent climatic models are somewhat incomplete and bias. They largely underestimate the harmful effects of climate change and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In fact, the deterioration in weather quality has already begun. This has led to some coarse weather conditions in parts of the Europe and the UK (United Kingdom), particularly in winter.

The stable AMOC model that the scientists have predicted could actually turn out a mere fallacy now. “If we correct the stability bias of the AMOC … and then add global warming forcing, the AMOC actually collapses after a couple of hundred years. Climate models over stabilize the AMOC and shows it very stable. Even under global warming they have only moderate weakening,” Wei Liu, a former Scripps Institute of Oceanography postdoctoral researcher now at Yale University and lead author of the paper stated to the CBC News a few days back.

Due to havoc deterioration in quality of climate, the AMOC has already lost much of its strength, leading to harsher winters in the UK and parts of Europe. Now, scientists are of the view that the complete breakdown of AMOC is quite possible. It may expand the ice sheets in the North Atlantic region.

The cooling in the north Atlantic is so powerful that it could lead to an unprecedented cooling in the north Atlantic. On one hand, the world heats up, but Europe may see extraordinary cold in the next hundreds of years.

According to Paul Myers, a professor at the University of Alberta’s Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences opined that the study is important in highlighting the bias in current models. However, there may be other considerations to include in future models.

More research on this particular subject – AMOC is still on. Though, not fully, for layman, the superhit Hollywood film “The Day After Tomorrow” was a precursor to what’s happening now in the world of science.

Since 1990, Co2 level in the atmosphere has increased over abundantly making the breathing of fresh air a challenge. Also, the climate is changing more promptly making the possibility of harsher winters in the regions of the UK, Europe and Canada as quite possible.

What the Two Models on AMOC Say

Initially it was stated by a group of scientists on one model that AMOC was largely stable and may collapse only 300 years after the doubling of Carbon Dioxide.

Contrarily, another model has recently stated that AMOC collapse will bring harsher climatic conditions apart from expansion of ice sheets in sea. It has already stated. It also says that there will drop in temperature to around 4.3 degree (F) over the North Atlantic belt and around 12.6 degrees (F) near Northwest Europe.