Is Indian Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2016 Sustainable?

woman-356141_960_720

 

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill cleared by the Union Cabinet recently, has taken the medical fraternity by storm as the bill gives right to only married Indian couples to have a surrogate child, that too with numerous restrictions. The bill, praised and criticised throughout the country, has life changing implications on not only the people of this country, but also people from across the world who turn to India in search of a surrogate child.

The bill propagates complete ban on commercial surrogacy in India, making it purely altruistic, banning men, women and gay couples. Moreover, Indian nationals living abroad also can’t make use of the technology. Priya Selvaraj, a fertility specialist associated with GG Hospital, Chennai, says, “We need to bring in laws formulated by an efficient committee and not come down upon it in an irrational manner but in a manner where there is a sustainability and a win-win situation for all parties involved-namely commissioning parents, surrogates and the specialist dealing with them.” In respect to other countries, where the practices are either banned, highly regulated or purely altruistic, India has not taken a clear stand on how the industry should be run.

India is represented as the surrogacy capital of the world, although it is not the only one. “Whether to be proud or ashamed is a moral and or ethical debate. But, the fact that it’s true is because it is largely unregulated, cheaper and also the awareness levels of the women selected for the process is far less than their western counterparts. Monetary supplements may be easily manipulated by middlemen and families or practitioners etc,” she explained.

The bill also restricts surrogacy to married Indian couples . A couple should be proven infertile or incapable of having a child naturally before choosing the option of surrogacy. The couple can only opt for altruistic surrogacy. On this clause, Priya points out that it is worthwhile to let it run for those really needy couples who will benefit having their biological or part biological baby being carried by a surrogate but then again one has to completely protect the rights of the surrogate too. Also monetary transactions have to be standardised so that there is no exploitation of both parties. We need to pay attention to the couple who also face an emotional and financial burden of undergoing the whole process.

The regulation is a step towards curtailing illegal practises by setting legal ages for the men (26-55) and women(23-50) who can undergo IVF procedures and related techniques. The bill also says that a woman can be a surrogate just once, “which is good for her well being and at the same time banning commercial surrogacy with an iron fist by not allowing gay couples and single parents for the same is going to open up illegal channels.”

Priya describes that It costs about three lakhs to completely go through an IVF cycle. Moreover, food and medical expenses-boarding and lodging may be approx another Rs. 3 to 5 lakhs. lawyers fee roughly around Rs.25,000, surrogate’s fee can range anywhere from Rs. 3 to 5 lakhs which is not standardised as the educated surrogates demand more and the others get exploited at much lower amount. ” In all a couple may have to shell out anywhere from Rs 10 to15 lakhs,” she added.

Why A Valentine’s Day Kiss Could Land You Into Deep Trouble?

Is it really necessary to refrain from kissing someone who you love more than anything else on Valentine’s Day? In fact, the day is all about expressing your love and feeling for one-another. Everybody wishes to kiss his or her partner on this day. With Valentine’s Day just a few months away from us let us first analyze the possible reasons why kissing is strict no-no without doctor’s confirmation.

Following the Valentine’s Day celebration, there is almost sudden splurge in serious diseases. These not just include big ones like STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases), AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) and Syphilis, but several other diseases too.

Kissing your loved one without adequate protection can even land you at ICU (Intensive Care Unit) at hospital. Well, the writer doesn’t have any intention to scare you about your love life but just to put things in perspective and how to avoid catching kiss-related diseases.

Top 5 Serious Diseases That Spread Via Kiss

1) Gingivitis: This disease is mainly caused due to spit, but when you are kissing somebody you won’t have any control over yourself. Suppose you are kissing your partner and he is already having gingivitis bacteria, then there is every possibility that you may also get infected.

In French kiss, some more oral organs are involved – through which such bacteria may invade your body. A red and painful gum is the first symptom of gingivitis but again don’t panic without doctor’s confirmation.

 2) Herpes: It is another serious disease that can infect you after having some cozy romantic sessions with your partner. So what? Around fifty per cent of the world populace is affected due to herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) in one form or another. If you kiss somebody having cut or infected lesion in their mouth, then it’s quite natural that you may also catch the disease. If either you or your partner have a lesion – it’s better to stop kissing and get yourself medically examined.

3) Syphilis: The virus of Syphilis could easily transmit to another person’s body when you kiss each other. Though sexual contacts are viewed as the common reason to catch Syphilis – that doesn’t mean you take kissing easy. If you have developed such types of sore then you must get it medically examined without any delay. A certain dosage of doctor-recommended Antibiotics could be really helpful in such cases.

 4) Meningitis: There is no guarantee that mere kissing can cause you meningitis. But it’s true that if your partner is suffering from it and you come in direct contact with him, then it might invade your body too. No kissing or physical contact is recommended under such a scenario.

5) Mononucleosis Infection: It is the nagging disease that any person can catch after kissing his or her partner. This virus is easily transmissible by way of kissing. Sore throat, fatigue and swollen lymph nodes are the symptoms of this disease. With adequate bed rest, plenty of fluids and nutritious food you can easily cure this disease.

This Valentine’s Day, don’t take any risk. First get yourself and your partner checked from a qualified doctor and be confirmed that you two are carrying no virus or bacteria inside your bodies.  Then definitely, both of you can plunge into kissing and even spending a night together.

Bursting Crackers Increases the Level of Pollution on Diwali: Says Report

fireworks-500007_960_720-1

 

Diwali, the Indian festival of lights, is known for its rich tradition of bursting colourful crackers on that day. But over the past few years, people have become somewhat cautious about bursting crackers. The reasons can by many, but primarily, health risk is on top. We need to bring it down further.

Last year, Pune University has categorically pointed out the direct link between crackers and pollution. A report published in the Indian express, one of India’s leading dailies, cited an observation jointly conducted by the researchers at the Pune University (PU) and Chest Research Foundation (CRF). It disclosed that a simple fire cracker like a snake tablet emits as high as PM2.5 (Particulate matter), which isn’t good for humans and environment. Now imagine how much the other big crackers emit?

A snake table release around 65, 000 mcg /m3. It’s extremely harmful for the people standing near it and also it directly affects our environment. Crackers can harm our vital organs like eyes, nose, heart and lung.

Why You Should Stop Bursting Crackers: Reasons at A Glance

  • Prevent Fire Hazards: Fire accidents and tragedies are quite frequent in India. Kollam tragedy in Kerala, which took dozens of lives, a few months back, happened because of firecrackers. We can’t overlook it.
  • Be kind to Animals/ Pets: You can’t enjoy at the cost of harming other beings. Common!! Bursting crackers is no enjoyment at all. It shows your selfishness and lackadaisical attitude towards others. By bursting firecrackers you are endangering the lives of mute pet animals living within us.
  • Garbage All Over: There is no doubt, the wastage by firecrackers increases the waste – be it the sheet or the unused crackers – they lie scattered here and there. Is the clean India that we dreamt of?
  • Stop Promoting Child Labour: Spare a thought for those helpless kids who endanger their lives to let you burst crackers on Diwali. They work at hazardous factories and often risk their lives. Stop it!! Their apt place is school not hazardous factories. By purchasing firecrackers you are also somewhere promoting the child labor. Raise your voice against it.
  • Avoiding Harmful Gases: Every firecracker has some toxic chemicals and elements in it like; Cadmium, Aluminum, Sulfur and Barium among others. They do no good to us but invade our bodies by way of breathing. Then they attack our immune system and increase the risk of other serious diseases too.

Why Boycott Chinese Fire-Crackers?

There are many reasons to avoid purchasing Chinese Firecrackers. It doesn’t relate to any political ideology but some simple common senses.

  • The presence of high level of Potassium Chlorate in Chinese fire-crackers. Indian government has banned the chemical in 1992.
  • Possession and sale of foreign firecrackers (including Chinese) is punishable under the Indian law.
  • The noise limit for firecrackers as per the Indian rule is 145. But Chinese crackers frequently exceed that level. Also, the manufacturers hardly disclose chemical composition inside these crackers.
  • Often the chemical compounds which help making firecrackers are smuggled into India from abroad flouting all rules and regulations – causing huge damage to Indian treasury and Tax department.

Bursting crackers is in itself a bad omen. You spend a huge chunk of money just to fire crackers. Especially, in an over polluted and populated nation like India bursting firecrackers during diwali and marriage season is like endangering the entire nation, people and ecology as a whole.

Don’t Follow The Crowd…. Follow what is Right. Let’s pledge to stop lighting firecrackers on Diwali and other ceremonies, starting this Year!!

Gender Inequality – Everyone Is A Culprit!

gender

 

India of today is relentlessly aspiring to make a solidified place for itself in world politics, economy, defense, science and space. On one hand, more than two decades of liberalization and globalization has redefined the concept of capital economy around the world at large and particularly in India; whereas, UN General Assembly still in 2015 lists ending poverty and hunger as their primary Sustainable Development Goals.

The paradox is nowhere more evident in its entirety than in India. Despite the grave income inequality, so much so, that one is forced to vividly notice the existence of two juxtaposed national entities surviving within the geographical boundaries of one India; there is something that unifies these contrasting national identities and it is not Hindutva! Whether one is rich or a pauper, educated or uneducated, urban or a rural resident, we are all bitten by the bug of a cultural male bias! It would be easier to shrug one’s shoulder on yet another feminist sermon. But, the declining Child Sex Ratio ever since the recorded data on population has been maintained is a horrifying and disturbing indicator for the country. Modernity, education and growth were supposed to end gender inequality but what we are witnessing is starkly opposite!

Society is the reflection of material development. The nation which is obsessed with consumerism, translating it as growth needs introspection on this disheartening trend that encompasses religious, ethnic, educational, economic, caste-based and geographical diversity. A society in which a woman is discriminated against from her mother’s womb and her modesty outraged either physically or psychologically has no right to call itself civilized or developed.

I had a long held prejudice against marriage in its arranged, moral, societal and family oriented format as the root cause for all social woes. It will be a different debate altogether and inconsequential too as anyway in our time while we walk the earth, there seems no plausible hope of this rouged institution of marriage waning. Weddings will continue to be negotiated between families and women will continue to be treated as objects in this widely accepted, sacred and lawful trade.

However, there is something which all of us can do to curb the persistent adverse sex ratio without much rigor at individual levels. It is by fighting against the menace of dowry and understanding its detrimental backlash on the country. We can play a crucial part towards a gender equitable world. Dowry is often downplayed but is one of the most vital empirical reasons for the tendency of not wanting a girl child. The practice of dowry continues unabated and in the present epoch of commercialization has become uglier than ever. Ironically, we have made women their own foes in this vicious arrangement of family affairs! Every one of us is a culprit in this abhorrent crime against women as either a directly involved party or a witness who preferred shutting their eyes, mouth and ears like Gandhi’s pseudo mystic apes!

I am aware of some obnoxious arguments in favour of dowry too. I suppose anybody who respects individuality, believes in liberty and values the dignity of human life could only laugh at such sugar-coated pretexts being offered, as I did! To rise against dowry will be our first formidable step towards empowering women and moving forward into a desired land where people irrespective of any biases and prejudice have freedom of choices and outcomes!

 

Comparing iPhone 7 V/S iPhone 6

iphone-1680363_960_720

 

Finally, after a long wait, iPhone 7 has been released and shall soon be visible in hands of iPhone lovers across countries. But the real question is, whether the new iPhone 7 is worth the upgrade from iPhone 6 and if spending money will get you what you require from your latest iPhone apart from the brand value, which as we all know, Android users never really understand.

So Apple launched its new iPhone 7 on September 7, 2016 in San Fransisco and started selling from 16th September and the latest buzz is the unavailability of iPhone 7 jet black for the first batch is sold out and other batches of silver, black, rose and rose gold are limited in number. So the rush is huge and everybody is going berserk, should you wait or not, let’s try to understand.

Software

The new iOS 10 in iPhone 7 features various new features, out of which the following three are the hottest.

  1.  Hyperinteractive – The iOS 10 will get voicemail transcription and will automatically detect if the callers are spammers.
  2.  Apple Music – The Apple music interface has completely been revamped with a better interface than before, which had received numerous complaints from its users.
  3.  3D Touch – The iOS 10 will enable you to get widgets by pressing down on the app icon for a quicker access.

Design and Display

IPhone 7 has a 4.70-inch touchscreen display which is similar to iPhone 6. Both 6 and 7 have a resolution of 750 pixels by 1334 pixels. While the iPhone 7 is powered by quad-core Apple A10 fusion processor, iPhone 6 was powered with Apple’s A8 processor. The current version comes with 2GB RAM while the previous one came with 1GB RAM.

Camera Features

iPhone 7 has  a 12 megapixel primary camera with an aperture of f/18. The primary camera also has a six element lens. Other new features in iPhone 7 camera include optical image stabilization, Quad-LED true tone flash and body detection.

The Front camera has improved its resolution to 7 megapixels and also offers image stabilization. The front camera will record in 1080 pixels, thanks to Retina Flash.  On the other hand, iPhone 6 has 12 megapixel rear camera, but only 5 megapixel front camera. It does not feature front flash and is incapable of live photos and 4k video recording. Also, iPhone 6 has dual –LED True Tone Flash rather Quad LED in 7, which offers much better image quality.

Hardware

iPhone 6 features A9 processor, which 7 is loaded with A1 fusion which has M10 motion coprocessor, which Apple claims is 40 percent faster than A9. The new iPhone will be available in 256GB, 128GB and 32 GB, and will have a battery life 2 hours more than its previous version.

Upgrade or not?

Although there aren’t many huge enhancements as such in the new iPhone 7, but for all iPhone lovers, they are huge enough and AirPods definitely steal the deal because it’s a new concept and worth a try. Moreover, if you don’t like it, you have the option to use your earphones.